Hosting Encyclopedia

Domain Terms

What is a Subdomain

In the Domain Name System, a subdomain is a domain that is part of a larger domain. In that sense, every domain except the root domain is a subdomain. Many websites hosting providers offer free subdomains of their own domains that can be used with paid or free website...

What Is A Domain Name

There are two absolutely necessary things you need in order to start a website – a hosting provider and a domain name (or subdomain). Many hosts would provide you with a free subdomain like this: yourdomain.hostingcompanydomain.com, but as you can see this is actually...

.IN

Most country-code top-level domains have various limitations that make their registration by foreign individuals or companies quite difficult or impossible. However, if you want to expand your online presence and try new local markets, there are some domains that you...

.CO

.co is one of the Internet country code top-level domains (ccTLD) and is assigned to the country Colombia. It is regulated by .CO Internet S.A.S., a collaborative effort between Arcelandia S.A. (which has assets in many Internet-related companies) and Neustar, Inc (a...

.JP

The .JP extension is the Country Code Top Level Domain for Japan. The ccTLD was presented for registration in 1986 and as of 2012 there are more than 1 300 000 registered .JP domain names. The domain is very popular in Japan for commercial, non-profit or personal...

.TW

Do you want to expand your website’s presence to more countries while protecting your domain name from unfair use? For that purpose you could register various Top Level Domains and there are more than 300 you could freely choose from. Most of them are country-code Top...

.CC

The .cc domain name is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Cocos (Keeling) Islands, an Australian territory. It is provided by VeriSign through its parent company eNIC, which tried to promote it for international use as “the next .com”. With its...

.BE

The .BE country code Top Level Domain was activated in 1989 and it was introduced as the official ccTLD for Belgium. The domain is managed and sponsored by the non-profit organization DNS Belgium. There are more than 1 million .BE domain names registered. Domain names...

.ME

.ME is one of these Country Code Top Level Domains that don’t have a specific recommended usage and purpose, and its registration is currently open for everyone. The abbreviation of the ME ccTLD comes from “Montenegro”, because it was initially intended for use from...

.TV

You could freely register not only the most generic Top-Level Domains but also some of the country-code TLDs. Although it coincides with the abbreviation for “television” the popular .TV Top Level Domain is actually a standard country-code TLD that was introduced to...

Hosting Terms

Email Alias

Email Alias is an alternative or substitute email address that you can use as additional to your primal email (the address that you’ve created when you’ve made your email account). From the alias address, you can send messages, but you will receive them in your...

Email Forwarding

If you want to change your email account or switch email providers you can use email forwarding. For the easier management of all your email messages, you could also check up all your email accounts from one mailbox using email forwarding services. So, whether you...

SMTP

SMTP stands for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. It’s the standard protocol for sending emails over the Internet. In order to send and receive messages, you need email client or web-based mail service that uses the SMTP for the sending of emails and POP3 or IMAP...

IMAP

IMAP is abbreviation from Internet Message Access Protocol. It is a popular alternative to the POP3 protocol. And in contrast to POP3, it is generally suited for online access to email messages. Unlike POP3 the IMAP mail protocol keeps all your emails on the server...

POP3

POP3 is the last version of the Post Office Protocol created for the retrieval of email messages by email applications from email servers. This means that POP3 enables you to receive your mail when you connect to the Internet using web-based email service or an email...

FTP Server

FTP server may refer to the physical machine where data is stored, but it is commonly used for the software application that enables the exchange of files via the File Transfer Protocol. The FTP uses the client-server model to enable the exchange of files over the...

Web FTP

Web FTP or Online FTPrefers to manipulating and operating with files over the FTP protocol in an online environment. More precisely, when it’s done in a web browser, rather than a dedicated desktop FTP client. This approach has several advantages. For example, if you...

FTP Port

FTP by definition uses the TCP transport protocol exclusively and doesn’t use the UDP for its transport purposes. Usually, an application layer protocol will use one or the other. One important exception of that rule is DNS or Domain Name System. FTP also is kind of...

FTP Client Software

The FTP client software is just like every other software application on your computer. It’s installed in the same way, easy to configure and has a user-friendly graphic interface. The purpose of the FTP client is to give you straightforward and fast access to your...

FTP Over SSH

SSH (Secure Shell) is a standard protocol that provides encrypted data transmission over a network. To use SSH you need SSH client that can communicate with SSH servers. The protocol has two key modifications: SSH-1 and SSH-2. SSH enables secure file transfer (via...

Web Terms

ISP

ISP stands for an Internet service provider. This is an organization which is providing access to the global Internet network. The organization could be academic, a company or a government institution. ISP’s are also popular as internet providers or just providers....

DDoS Attack

DDoS is short for Distributed Denial-of-Service and is used to define a certain type of attack whose purpose is to make a specific computer or server unavailable to its users by indefinitely or temporarily suspend or interrupt the services of a specific host connected...

Hypertext

The hypertext is part of a digital text that includes hyperlinks (or simply links) that refer to other digital texts. Hypertext can be read-only on electronic devices like computers, tablets, e-readers or smartphones. The links in the hypertext make it nonlinear and...

DOS

DOS is an abbreviation for Disk Operating System, a term often used for different versions of the operating system DOS and other similar systems, developed for IBM computers in the ’80s. The most widely used DOS operating systems were developed by Microsoft. The...

HTTP

The abbreviation HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. This is a network communications protocol used for transferring web pages and files on the internet. Originally created as a tool for publishing HTML-based web pages this protocol has eventually lead to the...

Cache

The cache memory is used to save information temporarily on computers, servers, and other devices so that it can be accessed more quickly later. The cache is used to save data that is accessed often or has been computed recently. Though the cache memory is relatively...

Gigabyte

A gigabyte is a measurement unit used in computers and other electronic devices. It is bigger than the other most popular and used in everyday practice units – byte, kilobyte and megabyte. When it comes to measuring disc storage 1 gigabyte (typed GB but not Gb which...

Web Browser

An Internet web browser is a piece of software that is used to access and display information, content, and files over the Internet. There are many such programs but the most popular ones are Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Internet Explorer, Apple Safari...

Gateway

Gateway is a connection point in a network. Internet gateways connect various networks via different protocols. The gateway is usually a physical device, but there’s gateway software that can be configured to make a computer act as a gateway. In this way, the gateway...

Bandwidth

In the realm of PC’s and computer networks, bandwidth is a term used to describe how much information can be transmitted over a connection. In most cases, it’s presented as bits per second, or as some larger denomination of bits, like Megabits per second, expressed as...

Scripting Languages

AJAX Programming Language

Ajax (short for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a technique that is used for the creation of interactive applications for the Web that parse user queries in real-time. The Ajax framework uses several programming tools to achieve that goal. JavaScript, HTML, XML,...

XML Code

The Extensible Markup Language or XML is one of the most commonly used open formats for the storage, structuring, manipulation and transportation of data. One of the main reasons for this is the fact that it’s an international standard that is compliant with all...

XHTML Script

Basically, XHTML is HTML defined and executed as XML. XHTML is written in similar to the HTML syntax, but stricter. XHTML combines the advantages of both XML and HTML, it’s supported by the majority of browsers and editors. The XHTML script is an extended version of...

CGI Code

The Common Gateway Interface, commonly known as CGI, is widely used standard for running scripts on a server. The CGI provides access to data and scripts on the webserver, thus allowing the creation of dynamic web pages (most frequently HTML forms). The Common Gateway...

CSS Script

CSS which stands for Cascading Style Sheets is a scripting language used for describing the way a document written in a markup language looks. Most often it’s used for creating styles for websites written in HTML and XHTML, but if you code CSS it can also be used with...

DHTML Script

Dynamic HTML script (or DHTML script) is not exactly a new version of HTML, but more of a new approach of looking at and controlling the standard HTML codes and commands. When talking of DHTML, the qualities of standard HTML have to be considered, especially that when...

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